Presented by 
Wm. Max Miller, 
M. A.

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About Our Project

Project Updates
See what's new at the T. R. M. P.

Quickly Access Specific Mummies With Our  
Mummy Locator 

View mummies in the
following Galleries:


Gallery I


Gallery I

Gallery II
Including the mummy identified as Queen Hatshepsut.

Gallery III
Including the mummy identified as Queen Tiye.

 Gallery IV
Featuring the controversial KV 55 mummy. Now with a revised reconstruction of ancient events in this perplexing tomb.

Gallery V
Featuring the mummies of Tutankhamen and his children. Still in preparation.


Gallery I 
Now including the
mummy identified as
Ramesses I.


Gallery I


Gallery I

Gallery II

21'st Dynasty Coffins from DB320
  Examine the coffins
of 21'st Dynasty Theban Rulers.

  Unidentified  Mummies

Gallery I
Including the mummy identified as Tutankhamen's mother.

About the Dockets

Inhapi's Tomb

Using this website for research papers


Links to Egyptology websites

Biographical Data about William Max Miller

Special Exhibits

The Treasures of Yuya and Tuyu
  View the funerary equipment of Queen Tiye's parents.

 Tomb Raiders of KV 46
How thorough were the robbers who plundered the tomb of Yuya and Tuyu? How many times was the tomb robbed, and what were the thieves after? This study of post interment activity in KV 46 provides some answers.

Special KV 55 Section

Follow the trail of the missing treasures from mysterious KV 55.

KV 55's Lost Objects: Where Are They Today?

The KV 55 Coffin Basin and Gold Foil Sheets

KV 55 Gold Foil at the Metropolitan

Mystery of the Missing Mummy Bands

KV 35 Revisited
See rare photographic plates of a great discovery from Daressy's Fouilles de la Vallee des Rois.

Unknown Man E  
Was he really
buried alive?

The Tomb of Maihirpre
Learn about Victor Loret's important discovery of this nearly intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

Special Section:
Tomb Robbers!
Who were the real tomb raiders? What beliefs motivated their actions? A new perspective on the ancient practice of tomb robbing.

Special Section:
Spend a Night
with the Royal Mummies

Read Pierre Loti's eerie account of his nocturnal visit to the Egyptian Museum's Hall of Mummies.

Special Section:
An Audience With Amenophis II
Journey once more with Pierre Loti as he explores the shadowy  chambers of KV 35 in the early 1900's.

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Most of the images on this website have been scanned from books, all of which are given explicit credit and, wherever possible, a link to a dealer where they may be purchased. Some images derive from other websites. These websites are also acknowledged in writing and by being given a link, either to the page or file where the images appear, or to the main page of the source website. Images forwarded to me by individuals who do not supply the original image source are credited to the sender. All written material deriving from other sources is explicitly credited to its author. 
Feel free to use  material from the Theban Royal Mummy Project website. No prior written permission is required. Just please follow the same guidelines which I employ when using the works of other researchers, and give the Theban Royal Mummy Project  proper credit on your own papers, articles, or web pages. 

--Thank You

This website is constantly developing and contributions of data from other researchers are welcomed.
Contact The Theban Royal Mummy Project at:

Background Image:  Wall scene from the tomb of Ramesses II (KV 7.) From Karl Richard Lepsius, Denkmäler (Berlin: 1849-1859.)




The Coffins of Maatkare

    The mummy of Maatkare was found contained within a nested set of two coffins. She had also been covered by a coffin board. Unlike the intact outer coffins of Neskhons and Isiemkheb-D, Maatkare's outermost coffin showed signs of minor damage. Its gilded right hand was missing and some type of decoration had been removed from just above the forehead, where three distinct holes appear indicating that something had once been attached to the portrait mask at this position (see below.) The inner coffin and coffin board sustained more extensive damage, and the hands and portrait masks of both have been completely removed. This pattern of damage might indicate that the burial of Maatkare had been disturbed on two separate occasions. The first set of thieves had probably targeted only the inner coffin and coffin board for petty pilfering. They probably had been members of the burial party who originally interred Maatkare, and hoped to hide all signs of their pilfering beneath the intact lid of her outer coffin. At some later date, perhaps a second set of thieves only had time to remove the forehead element and one of the two gilded hands. Perhaps their plundering had been interrupted and they had been forced to stop before managing to remove the other hand and the gilded portrait mask. However, it is equally possible that the two missing decorative elements from the outer coffin lid had accidentally dropped off when Maatkare's coffins and mummy had been placed in DB320.
   Rogerio Sousa (in GCSS p. 62) calls attention to the fact that Maatkare’s hands are depicted as clenched on her outer and inner coffin lids and mummy board. In the predominantly patriarchal society of ancient Egypt, clenched fists symbolized masculine power and (starting in the 19'th Dynasty) were normally reserved for the coffins of high status males, whereas the hands on the coffin lids of females were usually represented as having the fingers fully extended (see Lapp and Niwinski, AGS, 54f.) Sousa interprets the clenched hands on Maatkare’s coffin lids as “a bold statement of social status.” (GCSS, ibid.)
   Sousa points out additional features of the coffin that indicate the elevated social position of Maatkare. The finely braided hair depicted on the wig is unusual in "Yellow" 21'st Dynasty coffins and is only found in burials of the highest status. The vulture headdress that frames Maatkare's face is another distinctive status symbol. Sousa believes that the three holes visible on the headband immediately above Maatkare's forehead indicate that a golden vulture's head flanked by two uraeus serpents had once adorned the headdress. This type of decorative element (which became more common on stola coffins later in the 21'st Dynasty) would have been reserved only for exceptionally important individuals in Maatkare's time. A similar vulture headdress may also have been depicted on the inner coffin lid of Maatkare-Mutemhet's mother, Duathathor-Henttawy, but extensive damage to the coffin makes this uncertain. (Source Bibliography: AGS, 54f; CCR, 82ff.; DRN, 201, 207, 213; GCSS,50, n. 280; 51, 53f., n. 321; 62.) Source Abbreviation Key

Black and white photo of Maatkare's outer (left) and inner (right) coffin
lids from Georges Daressy's Cercueils des cachettes royales (Cairo, 1909.)
Click to enlarge.

The basin of Maatkare's inner coffin (left) and her coffin board (right)
from Georges Daressy's Cercueils des cachettes royales (Cairo, 1909.)
Click to enlarge.


CESRAS photos of Maatkare's outer coffin (left) and close up of portrait
mask of outer coffin (right) showing three holes where some type of object
(a golden vulture's head and uraeus serpents?) had originally been placed.


CESRAS close ups of the the outer coffin's face.

The Center for Egyptological Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (CESRAS) maintains an extensive collection of online images available for public use on Flickr and has posted large size scans of many of the photographic plates from George Daressy's historically important 1909 work, Cercueils des cachettes royales, which are featured on this page. The above images of the coffins of Maatkare-Mutemhet provide a valuable photographic record of these beautiful objects, currently on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. More close up images of this coffin's decorations and inscriptions may be seen by going to the CESRAS Maatkare photostream.

Return to 21’st Dynasty Coffins Menu.